India – Russia Ties One of the Top Balancing Points In The Multipolar World
BY Colonel Awadhesh Kumar, veteran Special Forces
Indo Soviet relationship started in earnest only in 1960s with defence procurement relationship with Moscow, especially with heavy ticket items which the Americans and British were loath to part with or added too many strings.
The saga of supply of Rolls Royce engines for HF24, submarines for the Indian Navy and transporters for the IAF by Britain are well documented and should not be forgotten in haste.
The Unipolar world had by then become Bipolar with some free radicals like India. The Soviet Union then offered India not just reliable military hardware like MIG21, AN12 and Foxtrot Submarines to start with but there also started one to one strategic level relationship.
At that time US-Pakistan military tie up was flourishing and finally resulted in 1965 attack on India by Ayub Khan.
India which already had an experience with US military supplies during the 1948 war had then to face similar embargo in 1965 war.
Where as the solid friendship with Moscow not only helped India fend of the anti India resolutions in the UN Security Council but also resulted in neutralizing Nixon’s direct threat in shape of a nuclear armed flotilla led by USS ENTERPRISE in the Bay of Bengal, during 1971 Indo Pak war.