The British Empire must leave Chagos, A Friendly advice to king Charles...

The British Empire must leave Chagos, A Friendly advice to king Charles III

224
0
SHARE

The British Empire must leave Chagos, A Friendly advice to king Charles III

The British Empire actually died on 15th August when the Brits had to leave India to the Indians. However it got fully buried only by 1970’s by which time all other Occupied countries won their independence. Though several small island territories in Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Ocean still remain under control of London.

After usurping the lands of the natives the English had established an empire comprising 13 colonies in a vast virgin continent which they had “disc London” (as if it was lost before that ) for themselves and named it North America. However the Colonies United and declared themselves independent in 1776.

It was a huge loss but by that time in similar manner they had “discovered” and usurped numerous islands all over the world. They also had made entry into Australia, Africa and Asia. The British East India Company meanwhile was making rapid stride through subterfuge of all kinds on the Indian Subcontinent. They first managed to gain a trading outpost at Surat in 1619 by begging and bowing to the Great Moghul Emperor. Though schemes of the highest order, It still took them 146 years to be appointed as the Diwan of the Mughal Emperor in 1765.

Then 92 years later in 1857 the Diwan declared war against his own Master, the last Mughal Emperor and not only dethroned him but also exiled him to Myanmar. The servants had the audacity of accusing the Emperor of rebellion and even cruelly massacred some of his sons and relatives.. Acting quickly the Ruler of Britain took over from the Diwan and India became the Jewel in the Crown of the British Empire.

After looting around 45 trillion dollars worth and causing death of more than 6 millions, the Brits showed sense and vacated India instead of being thrown out violently sooner than later. However before leaving they divided the country into two India and Pakistan. The partition

Itself led to killing of nearly two millions. They played another parting Great Game by telling the 584 odd Princes that they could remain independent or merge with India and Pakistan. Patel the Indian Home Minister foiled the would be chaos. Hyderabad and Junagadh crisis were resolved in time but Kashmir took time. The delay in merger gave enough time to Pakistan to invade. They were thrown back but the UN cease fire ensured that they still retain one third of the territory of erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Then from 1947 onwards the Brits have kept playing the game and 3ven now their BBC, their newspapers and their Members of Parliament have the temerity to call the Union territory of J&K as Indian Occupied Kashmir ! They think it akin to their British Occupied Scotland and British Occupied Northern Ireland.

In fact this year India has told the UN Military Observers Group in Kashmir that need to vacate India. They better do so or be ready to be thrown out unceremoniously.

Below is a table taken from Wikipedia regarding the erstwhile British Empire :

CountryPre-independence name
(if different)
DateYear of independence or first stage
 Afghanistan19 August1919
 Antigua and BarbudaAntigua, Leeward Islands[a]1 November1981
 Bahrain15 August1971
 Barbados30 November1966
 BelizeBritish Honduras21 September1981
 BotswanaBechuanaland30 September1966 
 Brunei1 January1984
 Cyprus16 August1960
 DominicaDominica, Windward Islands[a]3 November1978
 Egypt28 February1922Control over the Suez Canal Zone was maintained until 1956.
 Eswatini6 September1968Initially called Swaziland, which was also its pre-independence name. Renamed itself Eswatini in 2018.
 Fiji10 October1970
 GhanaGold Coast, Togoland (Togoland got absorbed into the Gold Coast in 1957)6 March1957
 GrenadaGrenada, Windward Islands[a]7 February1974
 GuyanaBritish Guiana26 May1966
 IndiaBritish India15 August1947
 Iraq3 October1932Pursuant to the British Mandate for Mesopotamia
 IsraelMandatory Palestine14 May1948
 Jamaica6 August1962Independence Day (6 August)
 JordanTransjordan25 May1946
 Kenya12 December1963
 KiribatiGilbert and Ellice Islands12 July1979
 Kuwait19 June1961
 LesothoBasutoland4 October1966
 Libya24 December1951From 1943 to 1951 Libya was under the control of Britain and France. On 24 December 1951, Libya declared its independence and became the United Kingdom of Libya.
 MalawiNyasaland6 July1964
 Malaya31 August1957Federation of Malaya Independence Act 1957.
 Maldives26 July1965
 Malta21 September1964 
 Mauritius12 March1968
 Myanmar4 January1948Gained independence as Burma. Renamed Myanmar in 1989, but still officially known by the United Kingdom government as Burma.
 Nauru31 January1968Independence from the United KingdomAustralia and New Zealand on 31 January 1968.
 Nigeria1 October1960Took in Northern Cameroons
 OmanSultanate of Muscat and Oman20 December1970
 PakistanBritish India14 August1947Partition of India
 Bangladesh gained independence from Pakistan on 26 March 1971.
 QatarBritish Qatari Protectorate3 September1971
 Saint LuciaSt Lucia, Windward Islands[a]22 February1979
 Saint Kitts and NevisSt Kitts–Nevis and Anguilla, Leeward Islands[a]19 September1983
 Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSt Vincent, Windward Islands[a]27 October1979
 Seychelles29 June1976
 Sierra Leone27 April1961
 Solomon IslandsBritish Solomon Islands7 July1978
 SomalilandBritish Somaliland Protectorate26 June1960The British Somaliland Protectorate gained independence on 26 June 1960 then united with the Trust Territory of Somalia on 1 July 1960 to form the Somali Republic, but later broke away and unilaterally declared independence, which is internationally unrecognised.
 South YemenProtectorate of South Arabia
Federation of South Arabia
30 November1967Merged with  North Yemen to form  Yemen in 1990
Sri LankaCeylon4 February1948Gained independence as the Dominion of Ceylon. Renamed Sri Lanka in 1972.
Sudan1 January1956 South Sudan gained independence from Sudan on 9 July 2011.
 Tanganyika9 December1961Tanganyika became independent on 9 December 1961. It joined with Zanzibar on 25 April 1964 to form  Tanzania.
 The Bahamas10 July1973Bahamas Independence Act 1973[7]
 The GambiaGambia18 February1965
 Tonga4 June1970
 Trinidad and Tobago31 August1962Independence Day (August 31st)
 TuvaluGilbert and Ellice Islands1 October1978
 Uganda9 October1962
 United Arab EmiratesTrucial States2 December1971National Day (United Arab Emirates)
 United StatesThirteen American Colonies4 July1776Fourth of JulyDeclaration of Independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1776. British government recognized independence in 1783 with the Treaty of Paris.
 VanuatuNew Hebrides30 July1980Independence from United Kingdom and France in 1980
 ZambiaNorthern Rhodesia24 October1964
Zanzibar10 December1963Zanzibar became independent on 10 December 1963. It joined with Tanganyika on 25 April 1964 to form  Tanzania.
 ZimbabweSouthern Rhodesia18 April

TerritoryRecipient stateDateYearNotes
 Northern Cameroons Nigeria1 October1961British Mandate territory in West Africa. In the 1961 British Cameroons referendum, the Northern Cameroons voted to join Nigeria (which itself gained independence from the United Kingdom), while the Southern Cameroons voted to join the Republic of Cameroun (which itself gained independence from France).
 Southern Cameroons Cameroon1 October1961British Mandate territory in West Africa. In the 1961 British Cameroons referendum, the Northern Cameroons voted to join Nigeria (which itself gained independence from the United Kingdom), while the Southern Cameroons voted to join the Republic of Cameroun (which itself gained independence from France).
 British Occupation zone in Germany West Germany23 May1949Nazi Germany occupied by Britain, France, the United States and the Soviet Union in 1945. Unlike in Austria, no German central government was retained in any of the occupation zones. The British and American occupation zones were merged in 1947 to form the Bizone, and the French zone was added into it in 1948. The resulting Trizone became host to a new German central government on 23 May 1949, with which the former Soviet zone — which had established a central government of its own called the German Democratic Republic – reunified on 3 October 1990.
 Hong KongPeople’s Republic of China30 June1997In 1984 the British government signed the Sino-British Joint Declaration with China and agreed to turn over Hong Kong and its dependencies in 1997. British rule ended on 30 June 1997, with China taking over at midnight, 1 July 1997 (at end of the 99-year lease).
North BorneoMalaya[e]16 September1963British protectorate established in 1881. Proclaimed a Crown Colony in 1946, and became a part of Malaysia on 16 September 1963 as the state of Sabah.
SarawakMalaya[e]16 September1963Independent Raj of Sarawak 1841-1946. Annexed by Britain as a Crown Colony in 1946, and became a part of Malaysia on 16 September 1963.
 SingaporeMalaya[e]16 September1963Became self-governing on 3 June 1959, and became a part of Malaysia on 16 September 1963. Subsequently gained independence from Malaysia on the 9 August 1965.[8]       Countries still under Britain
Countries of  Northern Ireland  
 ScotlandIn the 2014 Scottish independence referendum, 55.3% of voters who qualified as residents of Scotland, chose ‘No’ to the question: ‘Should Scotland be an independent country?’ 44.7% of voters chose ‘Yes’ In March 2017, preliminary negotiations to begin to prepare an agreement to run a second referendum were proposed by the Scottish Parliament but were rejected out of hand by the Prime Minister. The proposal of preliminary negotiations was triggered by the Brexit vote, which saw a majority of voters in England and Wales vote to leave the EU while a majority in Scotland and Northern Ireland voted to remain       Overseas Islands Still under British Occupation Occupation
FlagArmsNameLocationMottoAreaGDP
(nominal)
GDP per
capita
(nominal)
PopulationCapitalNotes
AnguillaCaribbean, North Atlantic Ocean“Unity, Strength and Endurance”91 km2 (35.1 sq mi)[5]$299 million$20,30714,869 (2019 estimate)[6]The Valley
BermudaNorth Atlantic Ocean between the Azores, the CaribbeanCape Sable Island in Canada, and Cape Hatteras (its nearest neighbour) in the United States“Quo fata ferunt” (Latin; “Whither the Fates carry [us]”)54 km2 (20.8 sq mi)[7]$6.464 billion$102,98762,506 (2019 estimate)[8]Hamilton
British Antarctic TerritoryAntarctica“Research and discovery”1,709,400 km2 (660,000 sq mi)[5]0
50 non-permanent in winter, over 400 in summer (research personnel)[9]
Rothera (main base)Subject to the Antarctic Treaty System.
British Indian Ocean TerritoryIndian Ocean“In tutela nostra Limuria” (Latin; “Limuria is in our charge”)60 km2 (23 sq mi)[10]0
3,000 non-permanent (UK and US military and staff personnel; estimate)[11]
Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia (base)Claimed by Mauritius.
British Virgin IslandsCaribbean, North Atlantic Ocean“Vigilate” (Latin; “Be watchful”)153 km2 (59 sq mi)[12]$1.05 billion$48,51131,758 (2018 census)[13]Road Town
Cayman IslandsCaribbean“He hath founded it upon the seas”264 km2 (101.9 sq mi)[14]$4.298 billion$85,47478,554 (2022 report)[14]George Town
Falkland IslandsSouth Atlantic Ocean“Desire the right”12,173 km2 (4,700 sq mi)[7]$164.5 million$70,8003,377 (2019 estimate)[15]
1,350 non-permanent (UK military personnel; 2012 estimate)
StanleyClaimed by Argentina. In 1982 the Falklands War was fought over control of the islands.
GibraltarIberian PeninsulaContinental Europe“Nulli expugnabilis hosti” (Latin; “No enemy shall expel us”)6.5 km2 (2.5 sq mi)[16]$3.08 billion$92,84333,701 (2019 estimate)[17]
1,250 non-permanent (UK military personnel; 2012 estimate)
GibraltarClaimed by Spain.
MontserratCaribbean, North Atlantic Ocean“A people of excellence, moulded by nature, nurtured by God”101 km2 (39 sq mi)[18]$61 million$12,1815,215 (2019 census)[19]Plymouth (de jure, but abandoned due to Soufrière Hills volcanic eruption. De facto capital is Brades)
Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno IslandsPacific Ocean47 km2 (18 sq mi)[20]$144,715$2,89450 (2018 estimate)[21]
6 non-permanent (2014 estimate)[22]
Adamstown
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha,
including:
South Atlantic Ocean420 km2 (162 sq mi)$55.7 million$12,2305,633 (total; 2016 census)Jamestown
Saint Helena“Loyal and Unshakeable” (Saint Helena)4,349 (Saint Helena; 2019 census)[23]
Ascension Island880 (Ascension; estimate)[24]
1,000 non-permanent (Ascension; UK military personnel; estimate)[24]
Tristan da Cunha“Our faith is our strength” (Tristan da Cunha)300 (Tristan da Cunha; estimate)[24]
9 non-permanent (Tristan da Cunha; weather personnel)
South Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth Atlantic Ocean“Leo terram propriam protegat” (Latin; “Let the lion protect his own land”)3,903 km2 (1,507 sq mi)[25]0
99 non-permanent (officials and research personnel)[26]
King Edward PointClaimed by Argentina. The islands were occupied by Argentina during the Falklands War in 1982.
    Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and DhekeliaCyprusMediterranean Sea255 km2 (98 sq mi)[27]7,700 (Cypriots; estimate)
8,000 non-permanent (UK military personnel and their families; estimate)
Episkopi Cantonment

Similarly time has come for Britain to hand over Chagos Archipelago to Mauritius. They should not even think of retaining Chagos like the Malvinas ( Falklands ). In fact for the good health of Commonwealth Britain must vacate all islands They still retain within the Indian Ocean.

British and other European colonial exploitation of Indian Ocean resources have resulted in the enormous degradation of both the terrestrial and oceanic environments. Deforestation, cultivation, and guano mining have had undesirable effects on terrestrial ecosystems. Guano mining, which removed vegetation and scraped the land surface, caused the destruction of much native flora and fauna, and hunting and the introduction of exotic species have altered the ecological balance that previously existed. Man-made threats to the oceanic environment are of more recent origin.

In the late 18th century France took possession of the Chagos Archipelago and Seychelles as dependencies of Mauritius, and coconut plantations were established to produce copra. Slaves were imported from Africa to work the plantations. In the early 19th century the British took over the islands. Mauritius and its dependencies were officially proclaimed a colony of Britain in 1814 under the Treaty of Paris. Seychelles was later detached from Mauritius and became a separate colony of Britain in 1903.

During the Cold War an agreement between the governments of Britain and the United States led to the creation in 1965 of the British Indian Ocean Territory for the purpose of establishing defense and communications facilities to counterbalance the Soviet military presence in the region. The new territory comprised the Aldabra Islands and the Farquhar and Desroches islands, formerly part of the Seychelles colony, along with the Chagos Archipelago, formerly part of the Mauritius colony.

A major British-U.S. military facility was built on Diego Garcia in 1971, and the plantations there were closed. Between 1967 and 1973, Britain removed the Ilois, or Chagossians—inhabitants of the Chagos Archipelago, descended from African slaves and Indian plantation workers.

They were given the choice of resettlement in either Seychelles or Mauritius, which became independent in 1968; the majority chose the latter. A small number of Ilois went to the United Kingdom. In 1976 the islands obtained from Seychelles were returned when that colony became independent.

Thereafter the British Indian Ocean Territory comprised only the islands of the Chagos Archipelago.

Expansion of the military facilities during the late 1970s and ’80s was opposed by neighbouring states, who viewed the base as compromising the nonmilitarized status of the Indian Ocean region. Numerous air strikes were launched from Diego Garcia during the Persian Gulf War (1990–91), the U.S.-led attacks on Afghanistan (2001), and the initial phase (2003) of the Iraq War.

In 2000 the British High Court found that the removal of the Ilois had been illegal. The court granted them the immediate right to return to any of the islands except Diego Garcia, although the Ilois maintained that the right to return to that atoll would have to be part of any resolution. At the time of the ruling, the Ilois numbered some 5,000. British and U.S. officials opposed the plan for resettlement, but in 2006 the High Court upheld its decision.

In 2007 the British government lost its case before the Court of Appeal but announced its intention to challenge that decision in the House of Lords. The following year a majority of the panel of five Law Lords ruled against the islanders, although the government expressed regret for the original resettlement.

In April 2010 the British government announced its intention to establish a marine reserve covering some 210,000 square miles (544,000 square km) of ocean surrounding the archipelago, which would create a vast protected area in which all fishing would be banned. Many Chagossians objected on the grounds that, were they eventually able to return to the islands, the ban would leave them without a livelihood.

Discussion about the legality of the British government’s actions in the 1960s and ’70s regarding the Chagos Archipelago rose to the fore again when the UN General Assembly formally requested in 2017 that the UN’s judicial organ, the International Court of Justice (ICJ), render an advisory opinion on whether the decolonization of Mauritius, with regard to the Chagos Archipelago, had been lawfully completed and what the consequences, under international law, of British rule over the Chagos Archipelago were.

During the proceedings, Mauritius stated that it had been forced to give up the islands of the Chagos Archipelago in exchange for its independence in 1968. The ICJ’s ruling, which came in February 2019, found that the decolonization process had been illegal and recommended that the United Kingdom end its administration of the Chagos Archipelago as soon as possible, which would open the way for the return of the islands to Mauritius.

Till now Britain may be thinking that the ruling given by ICJ was just an advisory ruling, it was nonbinding, and it did carry international weight. They are highly mistaken. Time has come for Asia to be left completely to the Asians. In case economically feasible for them then for time being they may retain Islands in Pacific and Atlantic.

However Chagos no more ….must be vacated dear King Charles III.